Patek, Philippe & Co. W GENEWIE, Wynalezli i Zrobili, No. 16161, made for the Polish market in 1859

Patek, Philippe & Co. W GENEWIE, Wynalezli i Zrobili, No. 16161, made for the Polish market in 1859

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Patek, Philippe & Co. W GENEWIE, Wynalezli i Zrobili, No. 16161, made for the Polish market in 1859 and sold on June 15, 1860 to Mr. A. Wisniewski for 449 francs.

This watch is an extremely rare and very early example featuring not only the most efficient and, still today, most usual variation of the crown winding system invented by Adrien Philippe but also the engraved Polish coat of arms and initials of the owner. Evidently made for Polish patriot, its cuvette is signed “Wynalezli i Zrobili w Genewie”, Polish for “Invented and Manufactured in Geneva”.
Until the middle of the 19th century, pocket watches had to be wound and set with a key which fitted into holes either in the case or in the dial. Through these holes, dirt could penetrate the movements, the keys were lost, and for nearly 250 years, no watchmaker had found a practical solution to this problems.
Adrien Philippe’s invention of the modern winding and setting stem and crown (pull out to set, push in to wind), French patent No. 1317 of 1845, was more than a clever mechanism. It changed the nature of watches and allowed the evolution from the keyless watch to today’s waterproof wristwatch.

He continued the development and perfection of crown and stem winding and setting for almost 20 years. By the time he filed his final patent on the matter in 1861, in France (as the only official patent office was in Paris at that time), the first had already expired, and his idea was in current use.

Technical data:
Very fine and rare 18K gold hunting-cased keyless watch with early keyless winding mechanism.
Case: Four-body, “bassine et filets”, front centered by the Polish-Lithuanian eagle surmounted by a count’s crown, initialed back, reeded band, gold hinged cuvette.
Dial: White enamel, Roman numerals, outer minute track, subsidiary sunk seconds. Blued steel “spade” hands.
Movement: 41 mm., Calibre 19h, frosted gilt, 19 jewels, hanging barrel, straight line “moustache” lever escapement, cut-bimetallic compensation balance with flat balance spring, Philippe’s 3rd winding/setting system.
Signed on the cuvette.
Diameter 47 mm.
Extract from the Patek Philippe Archives will be included to the watch..
Very good, original condition.

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